Indian education system is slowly coming out of age. Now it is abandoning the vicious cycle of poor teaching methods that belonged to the bygone era. Rote learning, running after grades and poor school infrastructure are gradually turning into things of the past. Till 4-5 years back the purpose of schools was to produce engineers and doctors only. In the education system of India, we can still see the colonial impact. The purpose our system is to create Babus and low-cost engineers who run call centers for the rest of the world. Now, this concept is changing gradually.
The real education involves understanding the capability and creativity of students. We don’t want to end like a low-quality service provider nation. We should be able to create innovators, thinkers, entrepreneurs, and artists if we want to drive a knowledge-based economy. For that purpose, we need some serious changes in the education system.
Schools in India have started realizing the real meaning of education is not to produce engineers and doctors. We must focus on skills of the students – The area of interest of students in which they can grow. In this way, we will improve our education system and create the real leaders for the future.
Globalization and development in technology are influencing the education system around the world. The consequences of globalization in education can be seen in India as well. The whole system of education which was plagued with the colonial teaching methods is looking ahead now. Though late, yet awareness in education has done many wonderful jobs, such as:
1. Rewarding Creativity – Our marking and testing system is changing. The government introduced new grading system in 2009-10. Modification in marking system has been done to release the pressure and fear of exam. The change in the trend helps students in showing their analytical skills. Now risk taking is not considered inappropriate. Gradually, schools are learning to reward students with a creative mind, problem-solving attitude and innovative skills.
2. Personalizing Education – During the colonial period, rulers need to produce the like-minded people who can do the same work even if they are sitting in the different corners of the world. They did it to control the world economy. India adopted this trend from their ruler. And back then it was needed too, as during that time we don’t have the technology doing work for us. Going to schools became compulsory. Persons with different IQ level sit in the same classroom, reading same topics (even if a person with lower IQ was not able to understand the concepts). However, in the 21st century, we know two things very clearly.
- People of same age group possess different analytical skills. Some learn fast, some are slow learners. Some are auditory learners and some are visual learners. Thus, there should a decentralization of education. A system should not consider who learn what. Rather it should focus on developing innovative courses to meet the capability of various learners.
- Let technology do the work that people of the same profession used to do in the colonial world. They should not be forced to go to schools or universities when there are options for home schooling and virtual medium. A home tutor can provide one to one education to a student. Today, a person sitting in India can hear the lecture of Howard professor, all thanks to the internet. Now people, based on their capability can choose their course. They can get the world class education in the home. People must be able to think and create. Otherwise, a computer can also do the work of calculation and provide information.
3. Introduction of Education Based Technology Infrastructure
Improvement in school infrastructure is the need of the hour. Some private schools in India already have given the permission of using digital technology in their classrooms.
- Digital classroom – Gadgets for instance laptops, mobiles, tablets, and smartphones are replacing the notebooks and pens/pencils. Gone are the days when students had to carry the load on their back. These gadgets allow better interaction between student and teacher and make information available at the click of a button.
- Digital Board – Popularly known as a smart board. It forms of three things: a computer, a projector, and a whiteboard. Images from the computer screen are displayed on the board by using a projector. A nice way to get the education in the digital era.
The digitalization of teaching has made classroom interesting. Only a few schools in India have understood it. A large number of schools, especially in ruler areas are still to be enlightened on this 21st-century teaching method.
There is awareness among people now. Technology has brought many positive changes in Indian Education system. Still, a lot more has to be done. Though grading system has been introduced yet many people show the fascination for old marking system. The provision of reservation is still a great concern in schools and universities. Low student to teacher ratio is another area that requires improvement. In addition, in a large number of public schools, the condition of infrastructure is in deteriorating condition. Lawmakers should become serious about our education system. They must work to boost the infrastructure in our public schools, make use of technology to teach pupils and give equal importance to the distance schooling too.