A flipped classroom is where the traditional methods of teaching gets inverted. Where instructions happen outside the classroom and instructions are delivered online, while “homework” is moved in to the classroom. While in a traditional classroom, the teacher plays the central role, his role is sidelined in a flipped classroom to somewhat of a “Guide”, the students learn from online lectures in their own pace from the convenience of their home, at the same time communicating with teachers and peers through online discussion. The concepts are then researched in the classroom with the help of the teacher.
Activity and Technology are two important aspects of learning in a flipped classroom.
How did the concept of Flipped Classroom come about?
- Back in 2007 two teachers, Jonathan Bergman and Aaron Sams of Woodland Park High School , Colorado , came up with software that could record powepoint presentations , where they recorded their live presentations and shared it with students who could not make it to the class and had missed the lectures. This became so popular that it spread across the country and more and more teachers started adopting this way of teaching. In very time, teachers started using online videos and thus reserving classroom hours for synergetic work and concept discussions. Student Reflection and Accountability
Flipped Classroom Model in a Flow Chart
Flipped Classroom – The Benefits
- Students get less frustrated with their homework if they attend the lectures and understand the concept at their own pace, then apply such acquired concepts in doing their homework.
- If they have any clarifications on a particular concept, they can get it immediately resolved through online chats. Thus, get their concepts clear.
- By learning ahead of their classroom sessions, students get enough time for collaborative work with their peers and exploring the subject more intensely.
- The Best advantage by this model is for the students who have missed the lectures due to illness or any other reason. They can catch up with their classmates easier and faster.
- When students are already prepared with the concept, there is very little or no need to teach them again in class. Instead, the teacher can concentrate on support the students for a better understanding through practical applications.
- A recorded lecture can be reused as many times as required. So, after the initial recording sessions, the teacher is free from preparing for lectures and instead concentrate his/her time for more innovative classroom sessions.
- A flipped classrooms gifts teachers with more time and thus they can give individual attention to the various kinds of students such as slow learners, high performers, introverts, extroverts, etc. in their class.
- This model provides more transparency to parents who are made aware as to what their wards are learning at school. This helps in improving the parent- Teacher interactions. A flipped classroom also inspires the teachers to implement interesting and resourceful learning contents in their lectures and at the same time giving the privilege of learning to the students.
Issues with Flipped Classrooms
- Flipped classrooms make it mandatory for students to have computers and internet of their own. In a country where power cuts are part of the daily routine, it becomes increasingly difficult for students to have a standard learning time.
- The second disadvantage is somewhat related to the first one. In India, many students come from humble backgrounds, where owning a computer and the internet is a luxury. Thus, a flipped classroom is a distant dream for them.
- A flipped classrooms stand on the trust on the students. They are given full freedom to decide their learning pattern; there is a minimal guarantee that the students would meticulously watch the lectures. So there is a lack of authority in this model.
- Momentous tasks must proceed the online lectures, such as recording, editing, uploading and providing clarifications through online chats, which adds up to the workload of the teachers. Also, thorough research needs to be done by the teacher before a classroom session to motivate students into collaborative activities which consume a lot of effort and time.
- A Flipped classroom model does not prepare students for tests and exams. Thus students and teachers have to spend a sizable number of class hours for test preparation.
- Time in front of the screen is increased manifolds, which causes harm to the eyes. Not only that, even though students interact with their peers, it is just a digital interaction instead of physical one to one interaction. Thus, there is a chance of children dragged into the digital world with minimal communication powers is prevalent in this model.
Despite these issues, the flipped classrooms can still be a very competitive approach to improve student’s performance by involving them in their education.